The Living Machine

Living Machine Systems, L3C

The Living Machine is a form of ecological sewage treatment that mimics a natural wetland system, marketed by Living Machine Systems, L3C.

Product description Brand name and product description

The Living Machine is a form of ecological sewage treatment based on the principles of wetland ecology, pioneered by US ecological designer Dr. John Todd in the 1970’s. The Living Machine is designed and marketed by Living Machine Systems, L3C in Charlottesville, VA, USA. The Living Machine uses engineering, plants, and bacteria to efficiently treat and reuse wastewater.

Target region(s) Target region for distribution/implementation (listed by country if specified)


Distributors/implementing organizations Organization(s) distributing/deploying this product directly to communities/individuals?"

This product is distributed by Living Water Systems, L3C.

Market suggested retail price Price per unit or service price per usage/terms (USD). Subsidies noted.

Approximately 1,000,000 USD. Market price is dependant on the size and requirements of the site.

Competitive landscape Similar products available on the market. May not be a comprehensive listing.
SDG targeted United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) targeted with this product/application/service

Goal 6: Clean water and sanitation

Target user(s) Target user/consumer base (country, income segment)

The Living Machine is applicable to rural, suburban and urban environments, various scales and climates to treat municipal and some industrial wastewaters.

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